The content analysis of qualitative research data: Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse, Grundlagen und Techniken 8th ed. Besides, theory development does not only facilitate the data collection phase of the ensuing case study, the appropriately developed theory also is the level at which the generalization of the case study results will occur. Problems of inference relate to the possibility of drawing conclusions, on the one hand, about the whole text on the basis of the text sample and, on the other hand, about the underlying theoretical constructs such as motives, attitudes, norms, etc. Therefore, the research question which is to be answered in the course of this paper is the following:
Quantitative analyses are especially important when trying to generalize results. As a result, inference in content analysis confines itself only to specific features of external and internal validity. The case study crisis: It is argued this method of analysis must go beyond the mere description or organization of data through categorization, focusing instead in a theorization of the psychological phenomenon under investigation. This is again in order to achieve a holistic and comprehensive analysis of complex social phenomena. Qualitative content analysis [28 paragraphs]. This paper has citations.
Additionally, other simplifying elements of the fundamental aspects of the phenomenon are taken into account for the new alignment, being necessary to resort to the studj model 2 and to the abstract theory 2.
The four conditions or tests are cf. In a final step—or a final series of steps—the results and findings of a case study need to be brought to closure. Finally, checking the findings with the case study participants can be a valuable part of the analysis and can enhance validity HARTLEY,p. Nevertheless, qualitative content analysis is still a young discipline and further development and improvement might be advisable and appropriate as some of the amendments, critiques and limitations of MAYRING’s approach show see above Sections 4.
The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research – Semantic Scholar
Qualitative Social Research, 7 1. Die Praxis der Qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse. Only after identifying these basis categories, the process of theorizing would follow, and then the researcher would have to resort to the deduction.
Obviously, the strength of qualitative content analysis is that it is strictly controlled methodologically and that the material is analyzed step-by-step. Categories in the comtent of analysis: HARTLEYfor instance, states that case study research “consists of a detailed investigation, often with data collected over a period of time, of phenomena, within their context,” with the aim being “to provide an analysis of the context and processes which illuminate the theoretical issues being studied” p.
Administrative Science Quarterly24 December Some questions and epistemological issues are introduced concerning the operationalization of both these mechanisms in Content Analysis and the limits of treating the later merely as an ad hoc resource.
The use of the qualitative content analysis in psychology: a critical review
Validity Material-oriented Semantic validity Sampling validity Result-oriented Correlative validity Predictive validity Process-oriented Construct validity. Essential guide to qualitative methods in…. Qualitative analysis for syudy scientists. As the author tried to demonstrate in Section 4.
The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research
According to YIN a there are six possible sources of evidence for case studies: As a matter of fact, it is this kind of systematics what distinguishes content analysis from more interpretive, hermeneutic processing of text material MAYRING,p. In the case of the abduction, it starts from a g., which can be a provisional theory; and venturing a conclusion hypothesized and then analyze the datum.
In this reseacrh, the weight assigned to the empirical is crucial, but strictly speaking, the phenomenon is not presented without lens that allows watching it theoretical model, simplifying of the abstract theory. Remember that the history of science is replete with examples in which the phenomena are detected in process dtudy observation without a prior theory to explain them or to provide them.
The Use of qualitative content analysis in case study research.
Or, put the other way round: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches 2nd ed. As the following sections will show, the combination and mixing of different research methods bears an enormous potential for the advancement of social research. This section will give a short overview of the main steps in reseacrh case studies, drawing mainly from YIN a ‘s seminal work on case study research.
Kohlbacher f. 2006.the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research
Given qualitztive definition it might be important to note that a case study is not a method but a research strategy cf. As a matter of fact, many authors point to the heated discussions, sometimes even “wars” the so-called “paradigm war”between the adherents of quantitative so-called “QUANs” and qualitative research so-called “QUALs” designs e.
YIN, we can say that “[u]sing case studies for research purposes remains one of the most challenging of all social science endeavors” YIN, a, p. Besides, theory development does not only facilitate the data collection phase of the ensuing case study, the appropriately developed theory also is the level at which the generalization of the case kohlabcher results will occur. Kombination und Integration qualitativer und quantitativer Analyse [31 paragraphs].
However, not only the manifest content of the material is analyzed, but also so-called latent content as well as formal aspects of the material MAYRING, b, pp. The phenomenon and the theoretical model remain strongly connected, although the test or the questioning of the phenomenon model occurs kohlacher the level of generation and analysis of the data, as figure 1 shows Bailer-Jones, Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches: The abduction could be used by the researcher when skipping from the theoretical model 1 to the theoretical model 2 see Figure 1in an attempt to find a better alignment for the same data and the same phenomenon.