History of Citroen

  

The French automotive company Citroen has been producing passenger cars. At the moment, is a subsidiary of the Corporation Peugeot with its headquarters in Neuilly-sur-Seine.

The company was formed in 20-ies of XX century to produce a “budget” cars.

First released by the car was the first car in Europe, assembled on the conveyor and produced commercially. Model "A" or "10 PS 8/10" had a 4-cylinder in-line engine volume 1327 cm-3, the engine is rated at 18 HP at 2100 rpm. Moreover, the entire operation of the machine was simple, comfortable, helped by the soft suspension and combined in one unit the clutch and the motor.

The company is not forced motorists to wait long for the release and the second model, "Citroen" -- 5 CV. Among the technical characteristics of this model can note V4 motor, no front brakes, cyberchallenge springs front and rear. This "Spartan" the car was just made for driving on bad country roads.

Car production was established conveyor method, which allowed to produce a large number of automotive products. A simple example: by the early 30-ies of XX century almost all taxi capital of France were made "Citroen". In 1923, was produced in limited series of sports cars “300 In 2 caddy, which even now popular among the lovers of rare cars.

In the spring of 1922, the company began the production of the double “Roadster” (engine 856 cm3).

Five years after the Foundation of the production lines of the factory went over 250 cars a day. The branches of "Citroen" was located in many countries of Europe. By the way, "Citroen" became the first European car manufacturer, which used steel body, not wood.

Soon the company was pleased with their customers cars models In 12 "and "14" -comfortable cars of its time. For a short time was made more than 132 thousand cars a series "To 14". The next generation "the AU 4 and AU 6" were created on the basis of this popular model. In 1931 is "СGL" ("Citroen Grand Suite). As the name implies, the car was notable for increased comfort when the engine power 53 HP and volume 2650 cm3.

In 1932 lineup hire "Citroen" enriched "With 4 IX" (the power of the engine of 30 HP with the volume in 1628 cm3), which was not destined, however, to become a "crowd pleaser".

In 1933, at the Paris motor show, the company demonstrated the entire range sold her car (model"8", "10", "15" and their light versions).

In April 1934 was the production of a completely new front-wheel drive models "7". The huge financial cost of advertising campaigns and promotion of this car produced until the late 50-ies, which caused the loss of control André Citroën over the company and its transition "under the wing" of the group of companies "Michelin".

In 1955 at the Paris motor show, the company will present its new model of DS. The car was inexpensive, but at the same time safe and roomy.

In 1966, in tandem with the German company NSU was designed car with a Wankel motor, however, established a joint venture company “Comotor” was short-lived. Since 1965 the company "Citroen" was included in "Paneluser", and from 1976 - concern "Peugeot" as a separate structural unit with the ability to produce cars under its own brand. It was at this time the company's engineers have developed a number of technical innovations, for example, hydro active suspension third generation, which "adjusts" for road quality and style of management.

In 1992, the audience was shown the Citroen Xantia, serial production of which began in 1993. The style of this model set the direction of development of the design of the Citroen.

In 1994 in Geneva to the public is exposed minivan Evasion, developed in conjunction with Peugeot/Citroen - Fiat/Lancia.

Citroen Saxo was demonstrated in winter 1995 and summer 1996 appeared a 5-door variant with automatic transmission and a diesel engine. After three years in Frankfurt shows a modified version of this model.

Citroen Berlingo was demonstrated in 1996. Since 1999, available in two versions - with a petrol engine (V 1.8 l) and diesel (V 1,9), all-wheel drive.

A series of cars Xsara put into production in 1997. Improving the design had a positive impact on the popularity of this model. "Hit" sales Citroen Xsara Picasso appeared in 2000, and immediately won the attention of motorists around the world.

Another popular model is C5, developed in 2000 and presented at the motor show in Paris.

Citroen Pluriel Concept is a "generalist" car, first shown at the Frankfurt motor show in 2000.

It should also be noted the cooperation of the domestic auto industry and concern "Citroen". In particular, components for "Orion" were "graciously" provided by "Citroen".

In one word, "Citroen" is one of the leaders in the automotive industry today.

Perhaps it was planning engineer Andre Citroen, which was at the origin of the French automobile industry.

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