History of Jaguar
Jaguar is one of the divisions of the Ford Motor" designed for the production of luxury cars. Coventry is the location of the main office.
In 1925 two William Lyons and Walmsley opened a company called SS that totally sounded like the Swallow Sidecar. From here begins the history of Jaguar. Their first activity was very narrow, they produced motorcycle stroller. However, this did not make a substantial profit, and Lyons decided to do body design for Austin Seven, the project was successful, and he performed the first order of 500 for car bodies. Job loved the customers and the firm was seen by the car manufacturers who ordered the body for their cars at them. Model Wolseley Hornet, Fiat 509A, Morris Cowley were wearing body from SS. However, the true passion of Lyons were two-seater sports car, so he didn't give up trying to produce its own car Premiere of two models - the SSI and SSII was held at the auto insert, held in London. The cars were noticed and appreciated.
The following issues were Jaguar SS90 and Jaguar SS100, this name was given to them from the master himself. Jaguar SS100 is a classic sports car with 40's. In the end, in 1945, the company was renamed Jaguar due to the similarity of the abbreviation SS called Nazi groups. In 1948, again at the exhibition in London, the furor produced a Jaguar XK120. At that time he was recognized as the fastest car, as we were able to reach a speed of 126 km/h and had the engine Heynes, whose power was 105 HP
Fifties starting with the release of the model Jaguar Mk VII. The next model was the XK140, which in 1954 was replaced in the production of Jaguar XK120, the engine power was increased to 190 HP with the cylinder capacity of 2.4 liters.
In the early 1950s out of the model Jaguar Mk VII, after which after some time release XK140 with 190-power 2.4-liter engine, which is the next after the Jaguar XK120, its production ceases. In three years since 1957 Jaguar makes its way to the American market with their XK150 and XK150 Roadster, which is able to achieve a capacity of 220 horsepower.
The period from 1961 op 1988 marked the production of very expensive sedans and coupes, the quality of which is difficult to overestimate. Jaguar then you can compare with Ferrari and Rolls-Royce. In 50-ies of the Jaguar fairly tightly competed with Daimler, but later the plants Daimler just starting to produce cars Jaguar. Then Jaguar takes under his wing Daimler, and then the Jaguar is included in the British Motor.
"Jaguar" with the 50-ies closely cooperated with the British company, "Daimler", whose traditionally luxurious car, the class of close to the "jaguars", was gradually replaced manufactured in factories, "Daimler" "Jaguar". Since 1960, "Daimler" is part of "Jaguar". The company "Jaguar", experiencing obvious difficulties with sales in 1966 merged with British Motor".
In 61 year Jaguar XKE again wins the hearts of the audience at the Geneva motor show, and in ' 62 Jaguar MkX has a good sale in the USA. 1968 brings a six-cylinder engine in the new Jaguar XJ6, which after 4 years ahead of his relatives Jaguar XJ12. He has a 12-cylinder engine, and he could achieve a capacity of 311 HP, which in those days was considered a great indicator. Long after this model, the creators could not produce a more powerful unit.
In 1968 he appeared Jaguar XJ6 (6 - six-cylinder engine). A little later, in 1972, appeared Jaguar XJ12 12-cylinder engine produces 311 HP, which has long been the most powerful version of "Jaguar".
In 1968 Jaguar XJ8 appears, the class car. In 1973 out of a high-speed coupe Jaguar XJ, the speed of which reaches 250 km/h was then developed the AJ6 engine, which was used later in the Jaguar XJ-S in 1983.
In 1989, Jaguar included in Ford. A number of cars XJ is produced from 1991 to 1994. Jaguar XK8/XKR in two types - convertible and coupe were exhibited in Geneva in 1996. F-type Concept with its unique technology Baroptic, which is used in the headlights, was shown in Detroit as a sports sedan of the highest class. 100 pieces XKR "Silverstone", made specifically for Formula 1, were the fastest cars of all Jaguars.