History of Neoplan
July 2, 1935 Gottlob Auwaerter founded in Stuttgart workshop for production of buses on truck chassis ready. With the outbreak of the Second world war, the company lost drafted into the Wehrmacht staff, ceased production of buses, and then were mobilized to repair the aircraft.
After the war, Auwerter has developed its own design of the bus with frameless monocoque body - semimonocoque which had, in which the outer panels were fastened to the spatial design of steel pipes. Rear-engined frameless bus Ouverture went into production in 1953, and in 1957 began equipped with comfortable air suspension. Then, in 1953, on the machines of Auwerter appeared first name Neoplan. Until 2001 the company itself continued to be called Gottlob Auwarter GmbH & Co. KG.
In 1960, the firm has successfully entered the growing market of buses to airports, offering the market an articulated low-floor (floor height 350 mm) bus front engine..
In 1961 Albrecht Auwerter, son of the company founder, Bob Lee (the future chief designer Neoplan) has developed innovative for those times design bus Hamburg - with rectilinear outlines of the body and large areas of glazing. Albrecht Auwerter led the firm in 1965 and the early 1970s, he organized the construction and commissioning of the plant in Palestine.
On the market of tourist buses, which in 2000-ies for the main Neoplan, the firm, which was released in 1964, with a two-story development Conrad Ouverture - 102-local Do-Bus. The steering mechanism of this model was rendered far behind the front axle, as a result, the passengers received a convenient passage between the front wheel arches. In 1971 was released Cityliner - intercity bus passenger deck, elevated relative to the floor of the driver's compartment, equipped with a toilet and air conditioning. On this model first used Neoplan fiberglass body panels.
In the next 30 years Neoplan was developed as a comfortable intercity and tourist buses, standing out among competitors "futuristic" design of their machines.
In 1973 was presented to the market model Neoplan Jetliner. It was a 12-meter bus with welded body, one door and 48 passenger seats.
Since 1974, Neoplan started to sell the buses outside Germany. 12 December 1974 opened a plant for the production of buses in Kumasi, Ghana. Since 1975 the company began to produce an unusual type of cars - tourist double-Decker bus with 100 seats, attached "accordion." This model is called Neoplan Jumbocruiser, subsequently, she earned the nickname "jumbo" or "neojumba". These buses were manufactured before 1993, many of them still drive on the roads of Europe.
In 1976 a new idea of the production of low-floor buses (although in 1960 the bus was manufactured by Neoplan as airport). Bus Neoplan N814, presented in the spring of 1976, became the first bus of its kind in Europe. At its base were subsequently produce and other low-floor buses. Neoplan N814 was a two-story, 12-meter bus in height it had 3.55 meters, can accommodate up to 130 passengers in its cabin. The driver's seat was raised up, and the steering wheel was set at an optimal height. In 1979 it was carried out the expansion of the plant Neoplan in Pilsting due to increased demand. In the same year was presented Neoplan Spaceliner - coach of the new development, in fact upgraded Neoplan Skyliner. In the late 1980 opened a factory in Spandau, the first bus which was released on 27 March 1981. Were also built capacity in the US - in Lamar, Colorado (1981) and in honey brook, Pennsylvania.
Since 1982 Neoplan began to release a serial buses under the title "Neoplan Centroliner, which is produced to this day; this is usually a 12-meter (standard) and 18-foot (articulated) low-floor city buses newest design and superior comfort of transportation. In 1985 Neoplan celebrated the 50 anniversary of the founding of the firm. In 1987 he was again expanded the factory in Stuttgart.
In may 1988, there was another tour bus - Neoplan Metroliner".