History of Renault
Renault is a French car company, which advanced the flagship of the automotive industry in France. It produces cars, sports cars and trucks. The headquarters of the concern "Reno" is located in a small town called Boulogne-Billancourt.
The history of Renault began with the very first car that was released by Louis Renault in 1898. Its power was only 0.75 HP was very likely, even on a machine and cart, the cart. Next was the model "A" engine which had a capacity of 1.75 HP Then Louis with his older brothers and is organized by "Reno Brothers". In 1899 they created and sold more than fifteen models. This car was designed a special gearbox. It torque to the rear wheels is transmitted by means of the shaft with hinges. By the way, this scheme has remained unchanged to the present day. A lot of time and attention to all the brothers paid sports car, after all, was an avid race car drivers.
Since 1900, the firm Renault transferred to the production of powerful and quite large cars. These include models AG1 with elegant body "nasturtium", "Landau", "Phaeton".
At the auto show, held in Berlin in 1906, Renault introduced its first bus. In addition, the brothers were among the first took up the issue of a taxi with a body "landole. These cars have a black color and a specific form. By the way, this car is open even a real monument!
In the prewar years, the Reno brothers were active in the cooperation with Russia. Specially for the Emperor, they had created a car limousine landole. These cars were confiscated from the highest class and drove Lenin. And for a new socialist Moscow taxis were also selected production Renault.
In the thirties saw the light of the original bus with an open platform. After died tragically brother, Louis Renault at the wheel itself is already not true. However, this does not prevent the cars of this brand to make different races.
In 1923, there has been one important event: the crossing of the Sahara desert six-wheeled prototype.
But the Second world brought the group "Reno" very substantial damages. Many factories were destroyed numerous allied bombing, And the founder of the concern Louis Renault was accused of collaboration with the occupiers and died in prison.
In 1945 the company was nationalized and became state-owned enterprise.
The 4CV model was released in 1946. That she was destined together with the Citroen 2CV, "to put the French to the wheels.
By the end of the forties ends complete reconstruction of all the factories and in 1954 produced as many as five hundred thousand 4CV.
In 1958, starts work in the new plant, which manufactures engines Renault. Auto Renault 4, equipped with front-wheel drive, becomes universal to young people's favorite. The number of cars of this model has exceeded eight million pieces!
In 1966 Renault signs an agreement with Peugeot and Volvo about combining your technical resources.
In the seventies for Renault there comes a time of rapid growth: emerging plants in the North of France. Model Renault Renault 12 and 5 become one of the best selling in the world of French cars.
Promotion still unfamiliar to the American market, "Reno" begins in 1979. For this is an agreement with American motors Corporation. In 1982 Renault 9 is released in America under the name Alliance and won the title of "car of the year".
In the summer of 1984 in Brussels for the first time presented a mini-van Renault Espace. In the autumn of 1997 saw the light model Grand with a slightly extended wheelbase. Since 1998, this car is equipped with a new engine.
The product line of Renault important place belongs to the trucks.
Between 1974 and 1983 Renault" controls the company for the production of trucks Mack Trucks Inc.
Truly triumphant premiere Renault 25 occurred in November 1983. In the summer of 1988 the appearance of the car slightly upgraded. And in the spring of 1992 Renault 25 was replaced by the Renault Safrane model belonging to the upper class.
In the eighties appeared wagon under the name Nevada. This model had lengthened to a hundred and fifty millimeters of the body.
In 1988 Renault" cool strengthened his position by presenting to the audience hatchback Renault 19. And in 1991 saw the light immediately became incredibly popular in the open class cars Renault 19 Cabriolet.
1990 - this is the beginning of a successful production model called Clio. As for the markets of third countries, in particular for Russia produced version of Clio Symbol.
Year 1991 was the most successful for Renault. The Clio was awarded the title of "car of the year", auto Renault Ligne won the title of "truck of the year", but Renault FR1 gets the title "Coach of the year".
In March 1992, there is the birth of the Renault Twingo and Renault Safrane. At the Paris motor show presents a model of Zoom.
In 1993 at the Geneva motor show presented a very promising car Racoon.
Simoy came out all the familiar model of the middle class, Renault Laguna. At the motor show in Paris in 2000, represented the second generation model Laguna II.
In September 1995 was the first show Megane, which is the successor to the Renault 19. This car has a couple of versions - Classic, Coupe, Cabriolet, Estate.
the year 1996 was marked by the presentation of Renault Renault Scenic minivan, which was created based on the Megane.
In 1997 there was another event: the release of the truck Renault Kangoo.
In 1997, demonstrates conceptual model Lahure and Definitive.
In 1998 its centenary Renault celebrates the advent of the new Clio 2.
1999 - this is the conclusion of an agreement on mutual cooperation with well-known company "Nissan".
In 2000, in Geneva was presented SUV Koleos.
In the end we can say the following: the car brand Renault managed to write vivid and interesting pages in the history of world motor sport. Team Renault has repeatedly won various races and competitions. This group successfully cooperate famous race car drivers. This and Alain Prost, Michael Schumacher and other well-known personalities.