History of Volkswagen
Volkswagen AG is a German company specializing in the production of cars and trucks, vans. Now for all the world, the Volkswagen group is synonymous with high standard in the production of comfortable cars that combine safety, technique and quality.
To create a production plant was built a new city - Wolfsburg, which still houses the headquarters of Volkswagen.
The story of the legendary Volkswagen begins in 1934, when German designer and engineer, founder of world-famous Porsche AG, Ferdinand Porsche (Ferdinand Porsche) took up the design available to the masses of the machine, the order of which gave him a motorcycle company Zundapp. But this project was soon scrapped for lack of funds. When in the political arena appeared the national socialists, the development of inexpensive car has become relevant again. The new government has endorsed the idea of F. Porsche about creating a car for the people ("volk" people, "wagen" - car.
Thus, in 1935 in the city of Wolfsburg was born first Volkswagen.
Fuhrer, having become acquainted with the development of the design Bureau Porsche, ordered to put the production on stream and let the car to the masses.
Hitler himself liked to ride on people's car, he repeatedly mentioned that the national socialists were given the opportunity of an ordinary worker to have a car that now was not a luxury but affordable vehicle. Has even created a special program to raise funds from the masses, according to which, if within three years and eight months, the person is transferred to the account on a weekly basis Maroc, after expiration of the specified period, its accumulation in 990 brands would buy a car.
The first copies of the new car were demonstrated in 1935, and in 1936 began the construction of the plant, which will produce this model. Original name of this car was KdF that is interpreted as "strength through joy".
Already in 1937, was released model VW30 in the amount of 30 pieces. The initial appearance of the car was far from that which has become habitual for us the picture at the mention of the brand Volkswagen. Only a year later, after systematic modifications, the car found a similarity with his contemporary.
Glory of a new car blared throughout Germany and worldwide. In the New York Times Volkswagen was first called "bug", in consequence of this nickname became the second name of the car.
may 26, 1938 was the start of the construction of a plant for the production of the "people's car", which was destined to become in the future a major European auto manufacturer. However, in those years in the intensive development of the automotive industry in Germany was amended. In connection with the outbreak of the second World war design development to improve the car were frozen, and the plant re-targeted for the production of military equipment.
During the war the factory was completely destroyed because of the constant bombing.
In the postwar period, the decision of the reconstruction of the plant was engaged in the government of England, occupation was Wolfsburg. The result of one of the solutions to these issues, was an order for the release of twenty thousand cars. But former popularity Volkswagen regained only ten years later, when the production of "beetle" was put on stream.
In 1947 on the export commodities fair in Hannover was demonstrated Volkswagen vested in postwar Germany still popular. The car became interested in foreign customers. The plant began to produce cars for export to Holland, and a year later for a number of other European countries.
1948 was an important and critical stage in the development of the Volkswagen. The new head of the plant becomes Heinrich Nordhoff, the former head of Opel. Himself Nordhoff was an ardent supporter of the latest technical advancements and upgrades. Under his leadership, changing the whole team of the automobile. Older workers get new engineers, designers, planners, proven in the global automotive industry. Was upgraded interior, which has become more convenient and comfortable. Also under the leadership Nordhoff and his team in 1949, started the production of the cabriolet and limousine.
Under the supervision of a network of Volkswagen car sales, construction of service stations. Steadily increased export and domestic trade. At the end of 1948 the number of cars sold abroad amounted to about 50 thousand. In Germany it was about 15 thousand.
The influence of the British on the plant is weakened, and 6 September had Volkswagen has once again become fully owned by the German government.
Volkswagen expands its manufacturing capabilities around the world are opening subsidiaries around the world in 1956 in Brazil, in 1956 in South Africa, 1957 in Mexico. Even Hollywood stars are not indifferent to people's favorite. "Beetles" conquer the world by a combination of unusual appearance with reliability and ease. This car is absolutely harmonious, as a pet, and many perceive it at all, as a family member, and what the slogan says Volkswagen.
Steadily growing and expanding the number of its vehicles. In 1950 saw the light of 100 thousand cars a year this number has increased by 5 times. August 5, 1955 rolled off millionth Volkswagen car 2, which was the reason for the celebration.
From year to year Volkswagen strengthens its position in the export market. The world are importers of this brand, which in no small measure contributed to the low price of the car, allowing in our day to call it "popular". Volkswagen has established itself as a reliable and loyal friend who will not let you down on the road.
In 1955, there is a sports version of the model Karmann-Ghia (Ghia is an Italian company designing the body, Karmann - a German company engaged in the Assembly of body parts). These elegant coupes and convertibles sold in tin around the world. In 1961 was presented the next project: sedan Volkswagen 1500 equipped zadorspain engine increased volume.
In 1968, started production of a new model of Type 4 (VW 411) in equipment with air-cooled engine displacement of 1679 cm3. This car was the first result of VW and Audi, which was bought from Daimler-Benz. Both the German manufacturer joined the Union called VAG, which later joined the company Seat and Skoda.
Model VW 411't got much popularity in the period from 1968 to 1974. VAG released only 350 000 units of this car. And in order to be able to release a new model that would have replaced the 411, the German manufacturer includes in its membership the company NSU. Soon there is a model K-70, equipped with front-wheel drive, which manufacturers produce from 1970 to 1975.
In the early ' 70s German manufacturer was expecting sudden, but well-deserved success. In 1973 VW began production of the Passat, which was based on the platform front-wheel-drive Audi 80. Started the production of the VW Passat put an end to the output of the models VW 411 and K70. The Passat was not modified once (in 1980, 1988 and 1995.). The working volume of the engine is changed from 1093 to 1588 cm3.
In 1974, the German manufacturer begins production of a new model of the Golf hatchback, which was offered as a 3-dernam and 5-tiderna versions. The aim of the development of this model was a repetition of the success of the VW 1200, which, undoubtedly, he succeeded. The first million cars was released in just 30 months since the release of the first model Golf. This small, front-wheel drive car is the beginning of the growing popularity of models of compact cars, the so-called "Golf class" in the European market, and the Volkswagen goes to a leadership position among European automakers. For the first year of production of this model has paid off all the costs you are likely to develop it, as well as other models of the concern over the years 1973-1974. Having set such a win-win qualities as reliability management, economical fuel consumption, as well as modern design, Golf I shook the global auto market. After 4 years, in 1979 rolled off the Golf cabriolet, also received national love and acceptance.
The Golf has a rich history that continues to this day. Since 1975, this model has been a leader in the number of cars sold in Europe. Golf was produced in large quantities and had a lot of modifications. In 1983 produced Golf II, and in 1991 - Golf III, in 1997 premiere Golf IV. Golf was produced for 23 years, and all these years sold at a huge rate.
To 1974 was running model Scirocco coupe produced on the basis of Golf. Another massive success of the VW brought the enrichment of the lineup the development of Polo. This event occurred a little over a year. This front-wheel drive car, was designed based on the Audi 50.
In 1982 started the releases of new models. In 1975, he began production increased modifications VW Rabbit car VW Jetta in the body "sedan". In 1983, a project was implemented, the beginning of which was started in the 70-ies: the GTI model, constructed based on the Golf. In their work a priority designers VW is the creation of new models of cars with high technical characteristics. By 1983, there is a model GTI is equipped with an engine capacity of 1, 8-liter 90 HP This car is endowed with a special dynamic performance, while maintaining its standard appearance and an illustration of just the technical capacity of the German company. In 1992, model Vento is powered by replaced its existing Golf Jetta, as in the rest of the characteristics of its counterpart.
At the beginning of the 80s VW Santana produced model is equipped with S-line engine with a displacement of 1994 cm3.
At the beginning of the 80s VW Santana produced model is equipped with S-line engine with a displacement of 1994 cm3.
For almost 8 years of crisis from 1988 to 1995 production automaker has focused almost single model - 3-dernam coupe Corrado.
With the early 90's is reviving the world economy, and the manufacturer relies on the revival of the "Beetle". The Beetle model, focused on the North American market. The high price that is equipped with front-wheel drive car was the main reason that the car has not received wide acceptance among the masses. But, nevertheless, this event symbolized the transition of the German automaker on a new stage in the development.
Since 1993 available new cars third generation Variant Syncro, which became a model of the updated modern design. Various modifications of this model differ in the volume of the engine (models with 2 Variant Syncro and 2.9 liter four wheel drive cars are).
In 1994, Polo model range has been enriched compact and minimalistic model of the third generation Polo. The redesigned hatchback Polo Classic with 3 and 5 conference doors and wagon Variant. 4-cylinders engines have volume 1 and 1.9 liters and develop power from 50 to 101 HP
In 1981 upgraded Passat, Scirocco, and starts the production of the new model with Santana V5 engine.
In 1996, the company produces a line of fifth-generation Passat. These cars like the Audi A4 and A6.
In 1999 the model was created Bora sedan.
In South America and China are the Volkswagen factories that specialize in the manufacture of cars in other markets (Gol, Parati, Santana). These models focus on the countries where the market is different from the European, and therefore produced at these plants the cars there are many fundamental differences from produced in the bulk of Volkswagen models. Mexico continues to produce a model 1.6 i is the analogue of the "Beetle". In 1998, the product line has expanded outwardly very similar to the now classic "Beetle", but, nevertheless, a fundamentally new model Beetle.
Carmaker all should be growing needs of its customers. Thus, already long begun to develop a range of eco-friendly cars BlueMotion. This range also includes the world-famous Golf, Passat and Polo.
Now the car Volkswagen A. G. is one of the world's largest automakers, who has been active in many countries of the world. On the territory of the 15 countries spread production capacity of the Volkswagen group from the conveyor onto the car brands: Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda, SEAT, as well as the brand rolls-Royce, which became the property of the company since 1998. The model of this German company is in constant demand and has long been famous for their high-tech, reliable and economical qualities.
From year to year, Volkswagen has strengthened its market position as the most practical and reliable car manufacturer in the international class. So Volkswagen produces dimensional vehicles used for the transport of goods and people.