At the time of ingress into Assam, or soon thereafter, there were seven important clans, called Satghariya Ahoms Ahoms of the Seven Houses. Sukaphaa established his capital at Charaideo near present-day Sivasagar in and began the task of state formation. History lessons in Indian schools conveniently exclude the North East completely, and scholarly work done on the same are almost absent. Ahom religion , Hinduism While crossing the Patkai range, the Ahoms followed an early form of Buddhism. Assam , Arunachal Pradesh.

The ahoms also ate beef [35]. All these kinds of Dams are altogether called Griha Dam , who are worshipped annually. In most of the early instances Tai rituals were practiced simultaneously with Hindu rituals in most of their ceremonies. It should be noted here that the surviving monuments, primarily in the modern town of Sivasagar in Upper Assam come from the later Ahom period10, when the people were thoroughly Hinduized. Its usage declined during the reign of Swargadeo Rajeswar Singha, who ordered Sanskrisation.

Recreating the past; Revivalism in Northeastern India In: The houses of the inhabitant have been built in scattered fashion within the bamboo groves [35]. Struggling to be Tai-Ahom in India”. But the form of the worship itself was developed by the Mahayanists after the mahaparinibbana of the Buddha.

Ahom people

The Ban or Ban Na is a unit composed of families that settled by the side of the rivers. Sum of twenty rituals are performed in ahom wedding along with cho klong.

case study on ahoms

All funerals were to be practiced under the Stuudy Hindu cremation rites, conducted by a Maithil Brahmin priest and a traditional Deodhai priest. Currently, they represent the largest Tai group in India, with a population of nearly 1.

The story of how Ahom-led armies fought against Muslim invaders has om them a place in international history. The modern Ahom people and their culture are a syncretism of the original Tai and their culture [4] and local Tibeto-Burman peoples and their cultures they absorbed in Assam.


The everyday usage of Ahom language ceased completely by early 19th-century.

Ahom people – Wikipedia

Somdeo and Shengmung each respectively, [50] the deities which Sukaphaa received from his grandmother in Mong Mao at the time of his departure. Because the building has suffered a lot of wear and tear due to the passage of time, it is difficult to be sure about what this motif clearly is. In the 16th- and 17th-centuries, the small Ahom community expanded their rule dramatically toward the west and they successfully saw off challenges from Mughal and other invaders, gaining them recognition in world history.

Ahom households worship the household deity, Sheng-ka-Pha a grandson of Khun-Theu-khamthe first created god[63] at the site of a pillar of the main house.

case study on ahoms

Sukaphaa established his capital at Charaideo near present-day Sivasagar in and began the task of state formation. Like the thais, the ahoms prefers to take boiled food having little spices and directly burnt fish, meat and vegetable like brinjal, tomato etc. The entire palace, with its various rooms, is interconnected by passages. The purpose of this building was to serve as a royal-pavilion from which the kings could watch traditional games like buffalo-fights and enjoy dance performances during festivals such as Bihu.

Routledge — via Google Books.

Along with the language, the kings adopted many other aspects of the conquered race, religion being the foremost. Cultural Development of Kamarupa. At one time, The ahom built their house on still called Rwan Huan [35] with about two meters high above the ground level. It is a known fact of history that civilisations develop and grow through a process of intercultural dependency.

Even though the Ahom made up a relatively small portion of the kingdom’s population, they maintained their original Ahom language and practiced their traditional religion till the 17th-century, ahpms the Ahom court as well as the commoners adopted the Assamese languageand Ekasarana dharma and Saktism religions.


Saivism, Saktism and Vaisnavism spread and largely replaced the old Tai Ahom religion. This probably was a distant derivative of the pillars and pilasters found in the Indian mainland Examples of this abound in finds from Casd, Khajuraho and even Sanchi.

The use of Islamic pointed arches, fluted pilasters with capital decoration, use of squinches and pendentives18 at the corners and the continuous vine motif — all point to borrowed stylistic traditions from the Indian mainland.

This was true even for the priestly clans: Like the rural Thai people of Thailandthe house rural Ahom families have been made of wood, bamboo and two roofs are typically designed by the thatching grasses [35].

The conquerors adopting ways of the conquered can be classified as the most efficient means of political and social stability, in any part of the world over any period of time. The Tai Ahoms worship their ancestors individually by the family as well as the community.

The arches are topped by a double band of floral vines, which is continued all around the top of the ground floor, ending with a parapet chajja. Traditional natural colours were used to colour the patterns borrowed from the Islamic stylistic canon.

A History of Assam.