Acute tonsillitis is the most important ENT origin. Therefore, it is unusual that patients can detect their halitosis, although there is nothing wrong. Metabolic disorders Preti et al. Effect of tongue scraping. Endocrinology can also contribute to halitosis.

A common oral problem. However, remote access to EBSCO’s databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. CO 2 laser cryptolysis by coagulation for the treatment of halitosis. Also new and more long lasting in-office treatments should be developed and tested. Pamidronate Aridea and zoledronateinduced avascular necrosis of the jaws:

A comparative clinical trial employing a toothbrush and a tongue scraper. ENT and pulmonology When problems literatkre this area are considered, patients should be referred to an ENT specialist or a pulmonologist.

Physiological halitosis foul morning breath, morning halitosis is caused by stagnation of saliva and putrefaction of entrapped food particles and desquamated epithelial cells by the accumulation of bacteria on the dorsum of the tongue, recognized clinically as coated tongue and decrease in frequent liquid intake.

A study comparing self-reported and clinical data.

Oral malodor: A review Panicker K, Devi R, Honibald EN, Prasad AK – J Indian Acad Dent Spec Res

Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. Houten; Prelum Oraal — In general, it can be concluded that more research has to be done to clarify a clear correlation between stomach problems by H.


The antimicrobial activity of alpha-bisabolol and tea tree oil against Solobacterium moorei, a Gram-positive bacterium associated with halitosis. Hence, the tongue surface seems to be an important reservoir in the recolonisation of tooth surfaces.

halitosis from tonsilloliths literature review for oral health care providers

An overview of epidemiology, etiology and clinical management. The surface area of the adult human mouth and thickness of the salivary film covering the teeth and oral mucosa. Nagel mentions that consultation hours for halitosis should be prepared for orql with non-real halitosis and build up corresponding interdisciplinary contacts. These patients consider having bad breath, do not have it, but get not convinced during diagnosis and therapy. According to Whittle et al.

Halitosis: Current concepts on etiology, diagnosis and management

Measurement of oral malodour: Propolis as a natural remedy: Renal disease in the form of chronic renal failure is associated with high blood urea nitrogen levels and low salivary flow rates. Efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery for symptoms in chronic rhinosinusitis with or without polyposis. Broad-spectrum penicillin or cephalosporin is the choice. This large variety of data suggest that there are large shortcomings in the methodology of the overall research projects.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are the main causes of rfview problem. Recently, it was shown that the OralChroma may produce a more comprehensive assessment of VSC production by oral microflora than the Halimeter.


The gold standard is the organoleptic scoring, i. Volatile sulfur compounds produced by Helicobacter pylori. Delusional halitosis monosymptomatic hypochondriasis; imaginary halitosis is a condition in which a subject believes that their breath odor is offensive and is a cause of social nuisance, however, neither any clinician nor any other confidant can approve of its existence.

CO 2 laser cryptolysis by coagulation for the treatment of halitosis. Eur J Oral Sci ; References Rayman S, Almas K. Support Center Support Center. Full- versus partial-mouth disinfection in the treatment of periodontal infections. The problem will be treated by medications containing vasoconstrictors associated or not with H 1 antihistaminic, rinsing of the sinuses or even surgical removal of the inflamed mucosa and polyps. This is a non-pathological form of halitosis.

halitosis from tonsilloliths literature review for oral health care providers

Human breath doors and their use in diagnosis. Since the oral causes are related to microorganisms, the therapy can consist of: Biofilms and the tongue: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Impact of tongue litdrature on microbial load and taste.