Though the majority Meitei community would have liked to make the demand an inclusive one, the issue has become divisive and in some instances has even taken a communal tone. Some believe that absence of a permit system can make indigenous communities in Manipur a ‘minority’, both culturally and demographically. The government could implement the Sixth Schedule in the hill areas; the Kukis and Nagas would enjoy autonomy in their respective regions but remain within Manipur Manipur has witnessed a series of protests starting in July this year, following demands for the implementation of the Inner Line Permit ILP system in the State. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This will, in one stroke, level the constitutional division between the tribals and Meiteis in terms of land rights and other reservation benefits.

Or, will the Indian government hold a political dialogue and sign peace accord with the Kuki groups? There is also a lingering question of whether the armed Kuki and Naga groups would reach an agreement on land disputes in the hill areas. Is it meant to cover the entire state, including the Hill Areas? Though the details of this agreement are yet to be disclosed, there is serious concern that Naga-dominated areas within Manipur will be integrated with Nagaland. Retrieved 30 July Printable version May 22,

The Inner Line Permit system will cause more trouble in Manipur, not less

The idea seem to be to convert Manipur into a tribal state like Nagaland or Mizoram by forcing the government to admit the Meiteis into Scheduled Tribe category and then place the entire state under a uniform ILP regime. Though the Kukis are an indigenous group in Manipur, there are some who fear that the Meiteis could use the ILP to advance their stand of Kukis being foreigners. From towhen I was a journalist reporting out of Lamka, I saw this bitterness express itself frequently.

Whatever the outcome, grievances will multiply. Their language, Manipuri or Meiteilon, is recognised under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution, which makes it mandatory for the government to take measures for its development. Since Manipur, which attained Statehood inis not officially a tribal State, there are constitutional challenges to implementing the ILP system. While a member all-party committee was formed in to look into the demand of various social organisations for introduction of the Inner Line Permit ILPnot much progress has taken place.


August 27, The system is in force in the neighbouring States msnipur Nagaland and Mizoram and also in Arunachal Pradesh. Furthermore, most political parties in Manipur and outside, support the on of ILP. In fact, there has been a political integration movement amongst the Zomi-Kuki-Chin tribes, parallel to the Naga integration movement, with the goal of uniting all these cognate groups under one political authority.

Ilo immigration from Bangladesh, Burma and Nepal has also gone up.

One possible amicable solution for the government is to implement the Sixth Schedule in the hill areas. Related Topics Columns Manipur.

All you need to know about the Inner Line Permit issue in Manipur

When the Justice Jeevan Reddy Committee submitted its report on the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, it noted that though most people want the law to go, many tribal people in Manipur were equally insistent on ilo need for the army to stay. They already have enough complaints about attempts to encroach on their land.

ilp in manipur essay

Everything is seen as a zero-sum game. In Moreh, a il on the India-Myanmar border, an indefinite curfew was imposed on August 18 after clashes broke out between ILP supporters and those against it. The BJP has very manippur demanded its implementation for the past few months, after being opposed to it for a long time.

Both sides talk past each other. Though the details of this agreement are yet to be disclosed, there is serious concern that Naga-dominated areas within Manipur will be integrated with Nagaland. It is an intra-state asymmetrical federal provision.


The fractious demand for ILP in Manipur – The Hindu

Despite the fact that the ILP was originally created by the British to safeguard their commercial interests, it continues to be used in India, officially to protect tribal cultures in northeastern India.

But the Meiteis will countenance none of this. It signifies a constitutional recognition of the hill-plain divide in Manipur. Is it meant to cover the entire state, including the Hill Areas?

The fractious demand for ILP in Manipur

Thus, even within political parties there seem to be differences on the ILP. The hill tribals are sub-divided into more than 30 ST groups, based on dialect, clan relationships, mythical origin, etc. Nehginpao Kipgen is a U. Given how Ni was created inthere is a possibility that the Indian government may consider redrawing State boundaries, if it sees potential benefits outweighing the status quo.

The law dictates that it must be consulted in all legislative matters affecting the Hill Areas of the state. Signs of growing strife were already evident in the state. Why were details of IAF shooting down its own chopper released only after elections? ILP’s valid for tourism purposes are granted as a matter of routine. Most Meiteis are Hindu, comprising both the twice-born Hindu castes and Scheduled Caste, though there are recent attempts to re-emphasise their traditional Sanamahi religion.

They live in the plains, practice sedentary farming and are neither geographically isolated nor under-developed.

ilp in manipur essay

The constitutionally designated Hill Areas are inhabited by the tribal, or Scheduled Tribe, people of the state.