In the fourth step, groups evaluate all the selected, potential solutions, and narrow it down to one. Created and developed by educator John Dewey, the strategy includes six steps to solving a problem one faces. These techniques help collate the information in a structured way, and focus in on the underlying causes of the problem. The computer executives come up with a variety of solutions: Let’s take a hypothetical group of executives from a computer-manufacturing company and see how they might apply Dewey’s process to a specific problem facing one of their factories. Often the most obvious answer is not the most effective solution to the problem.
The group may use tools, such as a Gantt chart, timeline or log frame. Did this process address the findings that came out of the assumptions? Newer Post Older Post Home. They will have to compare the ease of implementation and overall effect of the various solutions. In Step Six, as the results of the project emerge, evaluation helps the group decide if they need to return to a previous step or continue with the implementation.
Step 2 Determine the Root Cause — During this process, assumptions are uncovered and underlying problems are further revealed.
The Six Step Problem Solving Model
When did the problem start? In the fourth step, group members evaluate the proposed solutions. They look at short-term and long-term effects of the solution. The other factories have high-tech assembly lines with robots helping the workers, while humans still do all of the work in the problem factory. The process of dealing with problems can be extremely time consuming, and a group process may result in a solution that satisfies no one.
The Six Step Problem Solving Model
Many working groups skip Step Six as they believe that the project itself will cover the issues above, mkdel this often results in the desired outcome not being achieved. Step 3 Develop Alternative Solutions — Decisions are made within the group to determine the appropriate solution and process through creative selection. This factory has employees. Step 5 Implement the Solution — Develop an action plan to implement and execute the solution process.
Life, relax :): John Dewey Knew How to Solve Problems
If the group has done a thorough job in the previous steps, they should have enough information to make a final decision. Step 4 Select a Solution — Once the group has formed solutions and alternatives to the problem spronlem need to explore the pros and cons of each option through forecasting consequences.
Stepp 6 Evaluate the Outcome — This final stage requires an evaluation of the outcomes and results of the solution process.
It helps keep groups on track, and enables a thorough investigation of the problem and solution search. Dewey believed that the best way to educate people was to present them with practical, everyday problems or situations and make them think their way through to a solution. The computer executives agree that the basic cause prlblem the factory’s low productivity is outdated equipment. In the process of learning to do something, they were forced to analyze the situation. Also, this is an opportunity to collect and analyze data.
Posted by Unknown at 1: The basic component of the process is a series of questions in each step that people ask themselves and others, often in a group.
While these problem-solving steps are effective in managing problems, it is important to always allow input from other neutral sources which may give a different approach and vital knowledge not yet noticed or found. Complex challenges for teams, working groups and stel etc. The steps are repeatable.
While many people regularly solve problems, there are a range of different approaches that can be used to find a solution. The factory has high employee turnover because many workers look for more secure employment. The other two solutions would not increase production capacity. Overall, the Six Step method is a simple and reliable way to solve a problem. Where is the problem? Demand for personal computers is expected to increase steadily, so they decide to renovate the factory with id technology to increase overall production.
Ask questions such as: Free Strategy Skills Resources See the full list of Strategy Skills eBooks, templates and checklists available for free download right now. Did the option answer the questions we were working on?
This is exactly how Dewey intended for people to approach their problems. The questions may vary somewhat, depending on the problem.
The key is asking the right questions to discover root causes. In the fourth step, groups evaluate all the selected, potential solutions, and narrow it down to one.
Did this process address the findings that came out of the assumptions?