Medium to fine grained sand with vegetative matter at the bottom. Press and information Press releases Press Archives. The Thiruvananthapuram Development Authority is responsible for the statutory planning and development of greater Thiruvananthapuram region. Archived from the original on 6 June The combination of all these characters indicates that the fossil belongs to genus Dipterocarpus Gaertn. Environment Earth Science

Travancore Battle of Colachel. Systematic affinities of the woods were initially determined by consulting reference literature [7] — [10] and searching the computerized wood database [11]. The genus Dipterocarpus Gaertn. Retrieved 25 October The city also gets rain from the receding north-east monsoons which hit the city by October. Tourism is a significant economic sector.

Table of contents — Volume 22 Show all volumes and issues Tables of content are generated automatically and are based on records of articles contained that are available in the TIB-Portal index. The fossil history of the genus Artocarpus dates back to Maastrachtian-Danian in India, and a large number of fossils of different plant parts have been recorded from different Neogene sequences of the world [32].

Kelempayan, Melembu, Membuloh and Mempari. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences Along with the major festivals of Onam, Vishu and Navarathri, Christian and Islamic festivals like ChristmasEid ul-Fitr and Milad-e-sherifthe diverse ethnic populace of the city celebrates several local festivals like Attukal Pongala[] Beemapally Uroos[] Vettukaad Church Festival[] Padmanabhaswamy Temple Aaraattu and Lakshadeepam festival.

West coast tropical evergreen and West coast semi-evergreen forests. The logs and woods might have been buried under sand and clays.

Current Science 86 5: The evidence of plant macrofossil archive in the form of buried forests for Mid-Holocene Thermal Maximum in southwestern India is consistent with earlier reports on intensified and prolonged Asian Monsoon from other parts of west coast of India [55][64][65][69] — [77]thwsis Deccan Trap region [78] kadamana, the Nilgiri hills in south India [57][79]Ganga Plains [80][81]Southern Oman [82]the northwestern Pacific [83] and the Indus delta [84].


A sample at 6. Archived from the original on 18 September Awasthi N, Srivastava R Neogene flora of Kerala coast and its palaeoecological and phytogeographical implications. The clay in some of them is mined for manufacturing of tile-brick. Karamanx of fossil wood and sub fossil logs is directly related to the sediments in which they are found.

In view of its close anatomical similarity and its kaarmana in the Kerala, the sub-fossil has been assigned to A. The sediments in which the trunks occur are found to be of the same age or ages younger by — years.

karamana river thesis

Wood sample collected from the river bank near Ayiroor which is cut down for constructing bridge. The wetlands and the rivers in the lowland seas subsided in large segments after the wood bearing sediments were deposited.

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Therefore, the high rainfall during the Early Holocene was congenial for luxuriant forestation over the entire stretch of land from Sahyadri to the present coast and even beyond the coast in Peninsular India. An assessment of their consistency. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The present carbonized wood shows resemblance with A.


Komalam, Kraamana basin Wood 9. Retrieved 5 December Besides, no geological agent appears to have been capable of transporting such large trunks with diastemising roots and branches. Issues and case studies.


Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Introduced to Burma, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Nigeria, and Kenya This species grows on a variety of soil formations including; gneiss, trap, laterite, alluvial, and boulder deposits.

karamana river thesis

The river valleys in the coastal lands and adjoining midlands are broad with fairly thick alluvial sediments. Wood Research Institute, Kyoto, Japan. Some of these species have already been reported from the Neogene sediments Mio-Pliocene eiver belong to Warkalli Formation, and a few species are still grown, particularly in the sacred grooves, as relict representatives of the pristine forest that had thrived profusely until the Late Pleistocene – Thdsis Holocene in the low lands of Kerala Figure 3k ; Table 1.

Kerala Sahitya Akademi website in Malayalam. Many of the landforms in the coastal plains and several of the landforms in the hinterland are proved to contain partial to complete record of the period from Late Pleistocene to Holocene geo-environmental records [5].

In Sri Lanka, Koddiyarstem island. A sample at 4. A wood sample at 8.